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Bylaw No. 3017-2020

Bylaw Enforcement Bylaw, 2020

Consolidated and printed by authority of the Corporate Officer under section 139 of the Community Charter. Includes amendment bylaws 3063-2020 . Last amended August 31, 2020

Contents
Part 1 — General
 1 Interpretation
 2 Definitions
 3 General offence
 4 Continuing offence
 5 Enforcement powers
 6 General penalty
 7 Specific penalties
 8 Bylaw enforcement officers
 8.1 Duty to provide name and address
 8.2 Authority to enter on or into property
 9 Entry warrants
Part 2 — Bylaw Notice Proceedings
 10 Designation of bylaw contraventions dealt with by bylaw notice
 11 Issuance of bylaw notice
 12 Contents of bylaw notice
 13 Delivery of bylaw notice
 14 Options on receipt of bylaw notice
 15 Screening officer established
 16 Screening officer review
 17 Early payment discount - bylaw notices
 18 Late payment surcharge - bylaw notices
 19 Compliance agreements
 20 Dispute adjudication
Part 3 — Municipal tickets for bylaw offences
 21 Designation of ticketable bylaw offences
 22 Words or expressions authorized to designate offences
 23 Issuance of municipal ticket
 24 Contents of ticket
 25 Options on receipt of municipal ticket
 26 Hearing of dispute
 27 Failure to respond to ticket
 28 Early payment discount - municipal tickets
Part 4 — Collection of fines and penalties
 29 Amounts owing enforced as court judgment
 30 Collection action
 31 Recovery of penalty and costs by legal remedy of distress
Part 5 — Amendments
32-34 Consequential Amendments
 35 Repeal

The Council of the City of Abbotsford, in open meeting assembled, enacts as follows:

Part 1 — General

Interpretation

1   The Interpretation Bylaw applies to this bylaw.

Definitions

2   In this bylaw:

"bylaw enforcement officer" means a person designated under section 8 bylaw enforcement officers for the purpose of enforcement of the City's bylaws;

"bylaw notice" has the same meaning as in the Local Government Bylaw Notice Enforcement Act, S.B.C. 2003, c. 60;

"compliance agreement" has the same meaning as in the Local Government Bylaw Notice Enforcement Act;

"screening officer" means a person within the class of persons designated under section 8 bylaw enforcement officers that is appointed under section 15 screening officer as a screening officer by the corporate officer.

"ticket", "municipal ticket" or "MTI" means a municipal ticket issued under section 264 ticket offences of the Community Charter.

General offence

3   If a bylaw establishes a regulation or requirement to be observed in the City, a person who contravenes the regulation or requirement commits an offence that is punishable in the same manner as if the bylaw had expressly forbidden persons from doing or refraining from doing the act.

Continuing offence

4   If a bylaw is contravened on more than one day, a separate bylaw contravention occurs for each day on which it is committed or continued.

Enforcement powers

5   Subject to section 260 (5) of the Community Charter, and without limiting the available remedies, the methods through which the City may deal with a bylaw contravention include the following:

(a) proceeding by under the Local Government Bylaw Notice Enforcement Act;

(b) proceeding by municipal ticket under Division 3 Ticketing for Bylaw Offences of Part 8 Bylaw Enforcement and Related Matters of the Community Charter;

(c) prosecuting the offence in accordance with the Offence Act, R.S.B.C. 1996, c. 338;

(d) bringing a proceeding in Supreme Court in accordance with Division 4 Enforcement by Civil Proceedings of Part 8 Bylaw Enforcement and Related Matters of the Community Charter.

General penalty

6   Unless otherwise specifically provided in an enactment, the following penalties apply in respect of every bylaw contravention:

(a) $500 for a bylaw contravention dealt with by ;

(b) $1 000 for a bylaw contravention dealt with by municipal ticket;

(c) a maximum fine of $50 000 and 6 months imprisonment for a bylaw contravention prosecuted under the Offence Act;

B/L 3063-2020

(d) a minimum fine of $2 000 for a bylaw contravention prosecuted under the Offence Act.

Specific penalties

7   (1) As an exception to section 6 (a), the penalty that applies to a bylaw contravention dealt with by set out in Column 1 of Table 1 is the penalty set out in Column 2 of Table 1 opposite the bylaw contravention.

Table 1 - Specific penalties for bylaw contraventions dealt with by bylaw notice

Column 1

Bylaw Contravention

Column 2

Penalty

Section 5.2 (d) more garage sales than permitted of the Business Licence Bylaw, 2006

$150

Section 2.1 restrictions on panhandling of the Good Neighbour Bylaw, 2003

$75

Section 5 collection procedures of the Solid Waste Collection Bylaw, 2013

$100

Section 12 storage of garbage, curbside recyclables, recyclables and compostable waste of the Solid Waste Collection Bylaw, 2013

$200

Section 13 condition of containers of the Solid Waste Collection Bylaw, 2013

$200

Section 11.1 general traffic regulations of the Street and Traffic Bylaw, 2006

$75

Section 13.1 non-motorized vehicle regulations of the Street and Traffic Bylaw, 2006

$75

Section 15.1 pedestrian regulations of the Street and Traffic Bylaw, 2006

$75

Sections 21.1(a)-(d) and (f)-(v) general parking and stopping regulations of the Street and Traffic Bylaw, 2006

$75

Section 21.1(e) parking within 5 m of a fire hydrant of the Street and Traffic Bylaw, 2006

$250

Section 21.1 Stop a Vehicle of the Street and Traffic Bylaw, 2006 B/L 3063-2020

$75

Section 21.3 encroach or overhang on a Roadway while parked on private property of the Street and Traffic Bylaw, 2006 B/L 3063-2020

$75

(2) As an exception to section 6 (d), the minimum fine that applies to a bylaw contravention prosecuted under the Offence Act set out in Column 1 of Table 2 is the fine set out in Column 2 of Table 2 opposite the bylaw contravention.

Table 2 - Specific minimum fines for bylaw contraventions prosecuted under the Offence Act

Column 1

Bylaw Contravention

Column 2

Minimum fine

Section 140.2.3(a) growing, producing, storing, packing, processing, selling of distributing cannabis of the Abbotsford Zoning Bylaw, 2014

$5 000

Bylaw enforcement officers

8   Persons acting as any of the following are designated as officers for the purposes of this bylaw and may be appointed as screening officers:

(a) special constables, officers, members or constables of the Abbotsford Police Department;

(b) members of the Royal Canadian Mounted Police;

(c) the corporate officer;

(d) bylaw enforcement officers appointed pursuant to the Police Act, R.S.B.C. 1996, c. 367;

(e) local assistants to the fire commissioner under section 6 local assistants of the Fire Services Act, R.S.B.C. 1996, c. 144;

(f) licensing inspectors;

(g) building inspectors;

(h) animal control officers; and

(i) other persons acting in another capacity on behalf of the City for the purpose of enforcement of one or more of its bylaws.

Duty to provide name and address

8.1   When requested by a officer performing duties or exervising powers under an enactment, a person must state correctly the person's name and address.

B/L 3063-2020

Authority to enter on or into property

8.2   A officer may enter on or into property in accordance with section 16 authority to enter on or into property of the Community Charter for any of the following purposes:

(a) to inspect and determine whether all regulations, prohibitions and requirements are being met in relation to any matter for which the council, a City officers or employee or person authorized by the council has exercised authority under a provincial enactment to regulate, prohibit and impose requirements;

(b) to take action under Section 17 municipal action at defaulter's expenseof the Community Charter.

B/L 3063-2020

Entry warrants

9   The City solicitor may apply to a justice for a warrant authorizing a person named in the warrant to enter on or into property and conduct an inspection or take other action as authorized by the warrant if access to property is necessary for the purposes of a City power, duty or function under an Act.

Part 2 — Bylaw Notice Proceedings

Designation of bylaw contraventions dealt with by bylaw notice

10   Subject to the Bylaw Notice Enforcement Regulation, B.C. Reg. 175/2004, every bylaw contravention, including a contravention that arises under section 3 general offence of this bylaw, may be dealt with by .

Issuance of bylaw notice

11   (1) If a bylaw contravention may be dealt with by , a officer may complete and issue a to a person against whom the contravention is alleged.

(2) A may be completed, issued and stored

(a) in electronic format by electronic means, or

(b) by another means

that allows the to be reproduced in intelligible form.

Contents of bylaw notice

12   A must contain all the following information:

(a) particulars of the alleged contravention of the bylaw in sufficient detail that a recipient of the notice would be able to identify the bylaw and the contravention alleged;

(b) the amount of the penalty that the recipient is liable to pay in respect of the contravention, the amount of a discount for early payment of the penalty, the amount of a surcharge for late payment of the penalty and the consequences of failing to respond to the ;

(c) methods of paying the penalty;

(d) how to dispute the allegation in the notice;

(e) information required under the Bylaw Notice Enforcement Regulation.

Delivery of bylaw notice

13   A may be delivered

(a) in person to the named person,

(b) by mailing a copy of the

(i) if the is in respect of a contravention involving a vehicle, to the address for each registered owner of the vehicle involved as contained in the records of

(A) the government, or

(B) a person responsible for maintaining records of vehicle registrations in British Columbia or in another province of Canada,

(ii) to the actual or last known address of the named person, or

(iii) if the named person is a corporation or a business, to the registered office or head office as contained in the records of the Registrar of Companies,

(c) if the is in respect of a parking contravention, by leaving the on the vehicle involved,

(d) if the named person is a corporation or a business, by delivering the to a director, manager or other executive officer of the corporation or business, or of a branch of it,

(e) if the named person is an extraprovincial company as defined in the Business Corporations Act, by delivering the to the attorney for the extraprovincial company,

(f) if the is in respect of a particular parcel of real property or an improvement on a particular parcel of real property, by delivering the to a person who appears to be at least 16 years old at that parcel, or

(g) in a manner permitted under the Local Government Bylaw Notice Enforcement Act.

Options on receipt of bylaw notice

14   A person who receives a must, within 14 days of delivery of the ,

(a) pay the penalty in accordance with the , or

(b) request dispute adjudication in respect of the allegation made in the in accordance with the instructions on the .

Screening officer established

15   (1) The position of screening officer is established.

(2) The corporate officer may appoint any City employee within the class of persons designated under section 8 bylaw enforcement officers as a screening officer.

Screening officer review

16   (1) A issued to enforce a bylaw must be reviewed by a screening officer before a dispute adjudication in respect of the may be scheduled.

(2) A screening officer, after reviewing a , may

(a) cancel the notice if, in the screening officer's opinion,

(i) the contravention did not occur as alleged,

(ii) the does not comply with section 4 (4) bylaw notice -- required information of the Local Government Bylaw Notice Enforcement Act, or

(iii) a ground for cancellation authorized by the City is satisfied,

(b) confirm the and refer it to an adjudicator unless the request for dispute adjudication is withdrawn, or

(c) enter into a compliance agreement in accordance with section 19 compliance agreements.

Early payment discount - bylaw notices

17   Unless otherwise specifically provided in an enactment, the amount of the penalty payable for a bylaw contravention dealt with by is discounted by $50 if the penalty is paid in full within 14 days of the delivery of the .

Late payment surcharge - bylaw notices

18   Unless otherwise specifically provided in an enactment, the amount of the penalty payable for a bylaw contravention dealt with by is $500 if not paid within 30 days following the date the penalty becomes due and payable.

Compliance agreements

19   (1) A person who has received a may enter into a compliance agreement with a screening officer in respect of any bylaw contravention if the screening officer considers that

(a) the person has contravened a provision of a bylaw as indicated on the ,

(b) the health or safety of any person or property is not at immediate risk as a result of the bylaw contravention, and

(c) entering into the compliance agreement is appropriate in the circumstances.

(2) A compliance agreement must

(a) be in writing,

(b) describe one or more actions the person named in the agrees to take or refrain from taking, which may include expenditures the person agrees to make, to remedy the person's contravention or the adverse effects that resulted from the contravention,

(c) subject to subsection (3), set out the time frame within which the person named in the agrees to take or not take each action described in paragraph (b) and report to the screening officer on the action taken or not taken, and

(d) subject to subsection (3), specify the date the agreement ends.

(3) The maximum duration of a compliance agreement entered into under this section is 1 year.

(4) Subject to subsection (5), the penalty payable for a bylaw contravention dealt with by may be reduced by an amount up to 100% in accordance with a compliance agreement entered into under this section.

(5) In calculating the amount of the reduction of the penalty under subsection (4), the screening officer must consider the following factors in relation to the bylaw contravention and the person named in the :

(a) the nature and gravity of the bylaw contravention and its impact on other persons or property;

(b) whether the contravention was necessary for the preservation of health or safety;

(c) whether the was one of several issued to the person arising out of the same incident;

(d) previous warnings by the City to the person relating to the bylaw contravention;

(e) whether the person is liable for unpaid fines in respect of prior contraventions of the same bylaw, other than those for which the time limit for dispute adjudication has not yet expired;

(f) whether a previous compliance agreement with the person was rescinded;

(g) whether, as a result of the bylaw contravention, the person was reasonably likely to have profited or avoided a loss greater than the amount of the penalty for the bylaw contravention;

(h) whether there is a reasonable prospect of conviction with respect to the bylaw contravention;

(i) the circumstances in which the bylaw contravention was brought to the City's attention;

(j) whether the person has made reparations, or taken other measures to remedy the harm caused by the bylaw contravention and to prevent similar future bylaw contraventions.

(6) If a person who has received a

(a) enters into a compliance agreement with a screening officer in respect of the contravention alleged in the notice, and

(b) observes or performs all the terms of the compliance agreement,

the amount of the penalty set out in the is deemed to have been paid.

(7) If, in the opinion of the screening officer, the person who has entered into a compliance agreement breaches a term of the compliance agreement or otherwise fails to observe or perform the terms of the compliance agreement, the screening officer may rescind the compliance agreement.

Dispute adjudication

20   (1) A dispute adjudication system for the City is established for the purposes of Part 3 Bylaw Notice Dispute Adjudication of the Local Government Bylaw Notice Enforcement Act to hear and determine disputes in respect of whether

(a) the contravention alleged in a occurred as alleged, or

(b) the terms and conditions of a compliance agreement were observed or performed.

(2) An adjudicator for a dispute must be selected in accordance with section 15 dispute adjudicators of the Local Government Bylaw Notice Enforcement Act .

(3) A fee of $25 is payable by a person who is unsuccessful in a dispute adjudication in relation to a or a compliance agreement.

Part 3 — Municipal tickets for bylaw offences

Designation of ticketable bylaw offences

21   Subject to section 264 (1) (a) of the Community Charter, every bylaw may be enforced by a officer laying an information by means of a ticket for contravention of the bylaw.

Words or expressions authorized to designate offences

22   The following may be used on a ticket to designate an offence against a bylaw:

(a) any word or expression, heading, head note or marginal note in an enactment relating to the offence;

(b) a reference in an enactment relating to the offence that is or purports to be descriptive of the subject matter of the offence;

(c) a general description of an offence against the bylaw.

Issuance of municipal ticket

23   (1) If a bylaw contravention may be dealt with by laying an information by means of a municipal ticket, a officer must indicate on the ticket the offence charged and must sign the ticket.

(2) The officer must serve the ticket on the person alleged to have contravened the bylaw in accordance with section 266 laying information and serving ticket of the Community Charter.

Contents of ticket

24   A ticket issued under this Part must be in the form and contain the information prescribed by the Community Charter Bylaw Enforcement Ticket Regulation.

Options on receipt of municipal ticket

25   (1) A person on whom a ticket is served must, within 14 days after the date of service,

(a) pay the fine indicated on the ticket to the City in accordance with the instructions indicated on the ticket, or

(b) dispute the allegation contained in the ticket by

(i) delivering or having delivered to the address set out in the ticket a written notice of dispute, or

(ii) appearing in person at the location set out in the ticket to give notice of dispute.

(2) A notice of dispute under subsection (1) must contain an address for the person disputing the allegation and sufficient information to identify the ticket and the alleged contravention being disputed.

Hearing of dispute

26   (1) If notice of dispute is given in accordance with section 25 options on receipt of municipal ticket, the council must refer the ticket to the Provincial Court for a hearing.

Failure to respond to ticket

27   A person served with a ticket in accordance with section 266 laying information and serving ticket of the Community Charter is deemed to have not disputed the charge if

(a) the person does not pay the fine or dispute the charge in accordance with section 25 options on receipt of municipal ticket, and

(b) at least 14 days have elapsed since the ticket was served on the person.

Early payment discount - municipal tickets

28   Unless otherwise specifically provided in an enactment, the amount of the penalty payable in relation to an offence dealt with by municipal ticket is discounted by $500 if the penalty is paid in full by the 30th day from the date on which the ticket is served.

Part 4 — Collection of fines and penalties

Amounts owing enforced as court judgment

29   The City solicitor may take steps to recover an amount due and payable to the City in respect of a bylaw contravention by

(a) filing a certificate in the Provincial Court having the same effect as if it were a judgment of the Provincial Court for the recovery of a debt in the amount stated against the person named,

(b) registering a certificate filed under paragraph (a) as a judgment forming a lien and charge on real property owned by the person named in the certificate,

(c) applying for an order under the Court Order Enforcement Act, R.S.B.C. 1996, c. 78 that all debts due to the person named in a certificate filed under paragraph (a) be garnished and attached to the extent necessary to satisfy the person's liability for the amount due to the City,

(d) applying for a writ of execution under the Court Order Enforcement Act authorizing the seizure or sale of personal property owned by the person named in a certificate filed under paragraph (a),

(e) applying to the Supreme Court for the sale of real property subject to a lien registered under paragraph (b), or

(f) taking any other legal step available to a judgment creditor for the collection of a debt.

Collection action

30   The City solicitor or a manager of bylaw services may refer to a collection agency an amount due and payable to the City in respect of a bylaw contravention.

Recovery of penalty and costs by legal remedy of distress

31   (1) If a penalty, or part of a penalty, and all costs imposed are not paid promptly, the City solicitor may apply to a justice or court to authorize all or part of the penalty and costs to be levied by distress and sale of the offender's personal property.

(2) If there is no distress out of which the penalty and costs or part of the penalty and all of the costs can be levied, the City solicitor may apply to the justice or court to commit the offender to a maximum of 6 months imprisonment.

Part 5 — Amendments

Consequential Amendments

Officer Designation and Delegation of Authority Bylaw, 2018

32  Section 25 delegation of powers, duties and functions in relation to bylaw contraventions of the Officer Designation and Delegation of Authority Bylaw, 2018 is repealed.

33  The definition of "Bylaw Enforcement Officer" in Schedule "A" is repealed and the following substituted:

"Bylaw Enforcement Officer" has the same meaning as in the Bylaw Enforcement Bylaw.

Street and Traffic Bylaw, 2006

34  Sections 11.1(b) speed limits and 12.1 speed limits on local urban roads of the Street and Traffic Bylaw, 2006 are repealed.

Repeal

35   The Bylaw Notice Enforcement Bylaw, 2007 and Municipal Ticket Information Bylaw, 2007 are repealed.

READ A FIRST TIME on February 3, 2020 READ A SECOND TIME on February 3, 2020 READ A THIRD TIME on February 3, 2020 ADOPTED on February 24, 2020